International Journal of Medicine and Data. 2017; 1: (1) 3; DOI:10.12208/j.ijmd.20170003.
【摘要】目的 探讨脑出血患者便秘的发生原因及个性化护理干预的效果。 方法 选取2013年6月至2015年5月于我院接受治疗的脑出血急性期患者110例，随机分为对照组和观察组，每组各55例。其中对照组患者接受常规护理措施，观察组在对照组的护理基础上采取个性化护理干预措施，对比分析两组患者便秘的发生率并且对便秘的发生原因进行探讨。结果 接受个性化护理干预措施的观察组患者轻度便秘4例，中度2例，重度0例，严重0例，与对照组患者相比明显减少，差异有统计学意义（P<0.05）。结论 环境、饮食、药物、心理和护理因素是导致脑出血患者发生便秘的主要原因，个性化护理干预措施有助于降低脑出血患者便秘的发生率，在临床护理过程中值得推广应用。
【Abstract】 Objective To explore the reasons that cause the constipation in patients with cerebral hemorrhage and the effect of nursing intervention. Methods 110 cases of acute cerebral hemorrhage treated in our hospital from June 2013 to May 2015 were selected and randomly divided into control group and observation group, each group had 55 cases. Patients in the control group received routine nursing measures, the observation group was additionally received personalized nursing intervention measures. The incidence of constipation in the two groups were compared and analyzed, and the causes of constipation were discussed. Results The cases of mild constipation, moderate constipation, severe constipation and extremely severe constipation in the observation group were 4, 2, 0 and 0 ,respectively, which was statistically significantly reduced compared with the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion The environment, diet, medication, psychotherapy and nursing factors are the main reasons for the occurrence of constipation in patients with cerebral hemorrhage, individualized nursing intervention can reduce the incidence of constipation in patients with cerebral hemorrhage and is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.